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M86 less focus on territorial claims specifically, since they include a number of other types of conflicts as well, but still useful for those cases that it covers Huth and Allee, The Democratic Peace and Territorial Conflict in the 20th Century : Willis Library 2nd floor, D H the most important part for students is the appendix, which includes a basic summary of every territorial claim in their data set between Ireland, Boundaries, Possessions, and Conflicts in South America : Willis Library Remote Storage, A43 another useful reference for the first few decades of African independence, published in Gazetteers Gazetteers can be another useful source for most topics in these courses.

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JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Text Analyzer BETA. Use your own document to search for articles and books. Research paper sources can be difficult to find; use these six tips to find great One of the exercises we often have our students in our online study skills.

The all-time best gazetteer is the three-volume Columbia Gazetteer of the World, located at G C on the 3rd floor of the Willis Library. An earlier version of this is the single-volume Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, located at G L7 on the 2nd floor of the Willis Library. One other good single-volume gazetteer is Merriam-Webster's Geographic Dictionary, a gazetteer with some 48, entries; this is available at the Willis Library's Document Center service desk on the 3rd floor G W42 While these are the most useful, you are also encouraged to look around the same section of the library's shelves, or to check the online library catalog.

Plenty of other gazetteers have been published, which -- while not usually as useful overall as the ones I have listed above -- may still have very useful information on your specific topic. Crises and Wars The following sources offer at least a paragraph or two on most wars in the topic list Kohn and on most crises or wars since World War II Bercovitch and Ciment.

How Choosing a Source for a Critique is Different

A2 P49 3 volumes War Fatalities Data Information on the specific dates, participants, and fatalities for each war is also available online from the Correlates of War project, the leading data collection project for the study of world politics. COW war data You may also need to consult the COW project's official list of state names and abbreviations to make sense of these data sets.

For older wars, this information is available in a printed volume that was published in Meredith Sarkees and Frank Wayman , Resort to war: a data guide to inter-state, extra-state, intra-state, and non-state wars, : Eagle Commons Library, JZ S27 S6 Some of the reference books listed above may also provide information on fatalities. UNT Libraries - Online Catalog Beyond the general sources listed above, which include information on a number of territorial claims or conflicts from around the world, you also need to look up books and articles that deal with your claim specifically or at least with the countries involved in your claim.

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You should try searching for some keywords associated with your topic such as the name of the territory -- remembering that the same territory may be called different things by different countries, as with the Kuril Islands claim between Russia and Japan, which is occasionally spelled "Kurile" instead of "Kuril" and is sometimes called the "Northern Territories". The same is true for wars; thus the Arab-Israeli war of is variously known as the October War, Yom Kippur War, and less flattering names much like the U. Some important headings to search using the fictitious example of a claim between Bolivia and Botswana include: Bolivia--Boundaries and Bolivia--Boundaries--Botswana Bolivia--Foreign Relations and Bolivia--Foreign Relations--Botswana Bolivia--History as well as the separate entries for each historical era during which the claim was active And the same topics for the other side Botswana--Boundaries, Botswana--Boundaries--Bolivia, Botswana--History, etc.

Academic Journal Articles Some territorial claims, crises, and wars will be covered better by journals than by books, so you should also be sure to check for articles about your claim that our library might have. The best source for journal articles is JSTOR , which contains the full text of numerous political science, history, and geography journals among many other disciplines that are less likely to be of much use for these courses. Please note that this source is licensed by UNT for use by its faculty, staff, and students, and that access is blocked for all other users.

F3 , also available online through UNT's library. This is a very useful news source that features regular updates every few weeks, which are then collected and indexed in annual volumes. It can be very helpful to look through the annual indexes for stories related to your topic, whether for the few years when you know the topic was most active or for the entire 6-decade period covered by Facts on File. This is another source that works like Facts on File, as described above. It goes back another decade, though, and in many cases its coverage of important events is even better than Facts on File's.

Online News Archives - Historical Historical New York Times Online free electronic access to the full text of every New York Times story since , with a convenient searchable index and the ability to print the articles from your own computer; this is much more convenient than going to the microfilm room. This is available through the ProQuest service, and you will need to log in with your EUID if you are not accessing it from a campus computer.

Dr. Hensel's Research Paper Advice

Lexis-Nexis Academic Universe an incredible source that includes the full text of news stories from hundreds of US and world newspapers, including coverage back to the late s for some and the early-mid s for most. If you have a territorial claim that was ongoing for at least part of this time period, this is likely to give you plenty of coverage of events involving your territory.

For best results, I usually use the default Easy Search settings from this main search page, with the box checked to "Major U. If you get at least search results, you should narrow it down by searching a few years at a time using the "Date is Between" setting or a few months or weeks at a time if there are still too many news stories. When running a Lexis-Nexis search, you should search for keywords related to your topic, such as the name of the territory or the war -- remembering to try alternative spellings or names, as I noted above -- as well as for stories including each of the involved countries, such as a search for stories including Bolivia, Botswana, and the word border, boundary, territorial, or similar words.

UNT's library includes a list of online database related to Political Science , some of which might prove to be useful. Online News Sources - Current There are many useful sources for current world news; these are a few of the more useful mainstream sources: Newspapers and Global News Sites Al Jazeera America the American affiliate of the network based in Doha, Qatar BBC News the UK's public broadcast service, which in my opinion is the best single online source of world news Christian Science Monitor Deutsche Welle English-language news from Germany The Economist their web site includes some very useful news and analysis, although they charge for access to most of the site; if you are truly interested in international relations, you may want to consider subscribing to their print edition -- it's expensive, but they offer academic discounts, and I don't think there is a better printed news magazine for coverage and analysis of international relations.

New York Times they charge for access to most of their site, but they offer academic discounts, and they offer the best U.

Strategies for Critically Evaluating Sources

Pages on My Web Site Maps and Interactive Geography Tools useful for maps, including both blank maps that you can draw on, and historical maps showing the world very differently than today's current atlases On-Line News Sources useful for finding coverage of recent news, particularly from non-American perspectives; most online newspapers have search engines that allow you to search their news archives, although these archives generally only go back a few years, and there is often a fee Foreign Governments and Politics useful for finding access to other governments' official web sites and other international sources of policy positions for ongoing or recent cases Other Web Sites CIA World Factbook useful for general background information on countries' area, population, and economies, although not recommended for historical background CountryWatch similar to the CIA Factbook U.

State Department Country Background Notes also useful for general background, but again, not detailed enough to serve as your main sources for these papers The International Court of Justice ICJ, or "World Court" has been involved in a number of territorial claims, including many that are being covered in student research papers for this class. The ICJ offers pages listing all ICJ cases and decisions , which you may find very helpful if your claim has been submitted to the Court.

I will keep you inform. Thank you very much. Please call me Dory for short. Adoracion, I suggest you contact your professor directly, through Canvas. Your prof probably has no reason to check this page for messages from students. To make a perfect research essay you have to follow few steps: 1 do research and make notes, 2 choose the thesis, 3 plan your work, 4 write the essay and proofread it.

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What evidence is used to prove the author's point? Not directly… your university or public library probably subscribes to dozens or hundreds of databases, all of which are free to their patrons. Latest In Learning. Drew Smith. Recognize the value of diverse ideas and world views.

In addition, on any stage of preparing your essay, I would recommend asking for help from colleagues, professors or from professionals from writing services. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of new posts by email. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page.

Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Start With Good Academic Sources If your college instructor has asked you to write a research paper, Google is not your friend. Finding Academic Articles The best place to start is by talking to the human being working the reference desk at your local library. Even if the article itself is of little use to you, it may point you towards books or other articles that will be more valuable. Scan books on related topics. You will probably not find a whole book that examines the specific set of questions I am asking here.

You may have to look at chapter or sections of different books, and piece together your own argument. If a book looks promising, set it aside; otherwise, put it back and keep looking The Value of Scholarly Sources Anything that takes time is valuable to someone. You may very well find scholarly sources through an ordinary web search engine such as Google or Yahoo! A peer-reviewed journal may publish a letter to the editor, an opinion column, or a short story.

See the next item. If your source documents its claims, it is probably a scholarly document. You should go directly to the sources that the compiler used. URL includes a course number or title. Spelling mistakes, unsupported claims, or wordy introductions.

Evaluating Sources: Introduction

Where else in the world, and when else in history, has a similar thing happened before? How does the situation you wish to examine compare to those other instances? An TV interview with a senator is not as credible as a direct quotation from a bill the senator is trying to pass.

A passage quoted in a review of a book is not as credible as the same passage quoted from the book itself. Dennis G.

Please call me Dory for short Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Some back periodicals are shelved in specific subject rooms; watch for location notes in the Cornell Library Catalog record for the title you want. Back issues on microfilm, microfiche, and microprint are housed on the lower or B Level in Olin Library. Journals, news publications, and magazines are important sources for up-to-date information across a wide variety of topics. With a collection as large and diverse as Cornell's it is often difficult to distinguish between the various levels of scholarship found in the collection.

In this guide we have divided the criteria for evaluating periodical literature into four categories:. Popular means fit for, or reflecting the taste and intelligence of, the people at large. Sensational is defined as arousing or intending to arouse strong curiosity, interest or reaction.

Keeping these definitions in mind, and realizing that none of the lines drawn between types of journals can ever be totally clear cut, the general criteria are as follows. Scholarly journals are also called academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed journals. Strictly speaking, peer-reviewed also called refereed journals refer only to those scholarly journals that submit articles to several other scholars, experts, or academics peers in the field for review and comment.

These reviewers must agree that the article represents properly conducted original research or writing before it can be published. More on peer-reviewed journals from the University of Texas. Scholarly journal articles often have an abstract, a descriptive summary of the article contents, before the main text of the article.

Scholarly journals generally have a sober, serious look. They often contain many graphs and charts but few glossy pages or exciting pictures.

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Scholarly journals always cite their sources in the form of footnotes or bibliographies. These bibliographies are generally lengthy and cite other scholarly writings. Articles are written by a scholar in the field or by someone who has done research in the field. The affiliations of the authors are listed, usually at the bottom of the first page or at the end of the article--universities, research institutions, think tanks, and the like. The language of scholarly journals is that of the discipline covered.

It assumes some technical background on the part of the reader. The main purpose of a scholarly journal is to report on original research or experimentation in order to make such information available to the rest of the scholarly world. Many scholarly journals, though by no means all, are published by a specific professional organization. These periodicals may be quite attractive in appearance, although some are in newspaper format. Articles are often heavily illustrated, generally with photographs. The language of these publications is geared to any educated audience.

There is no specialty assumed, only interest and a certain level of intelligence. They are generally published by commercial enterprises or individuals, although some emanate from specific professional organizations. The main purpose of periodicals in this category is to provide information, in a general manner, to a broad audience of concerned citizens.

Popular periodicals come in many formats, although often slick and attractive in appearance with lots of color graphics photographs, drawings, etc.

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These publications do not cite sources in a bibliography. Information published in popular periodicals is often second or third hand and the original source is rarely mentioned.