Essay on huntington disease

Huntington's Disease

ASHG Chooses Huntington’s Disease as Topic for 12222 Essay Contest

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Anyone who has a diagnosis of depression, especially with suicidal thoughts, should not use tretrabenazine. For depression and some obsessive-compulsive features that can appear with HD, the doctor may prescribe:. Speech therapy can help patients find ways to express words and phrases and communicate in a more effective way. A physical therapist can help improve muscle strength and flexibility, leading to better balance and a reduced the risk of falling.

An occupational therapist can help the patient develop strategies for coping with concentration and memory problems, as well as making the home safer. The doctor will examine the patient and ask about family and medical history, and symptoms, such as recent emotional changes.

What you need to know about Huntington's disease

Imaging tests, such as a CT or MRI scan , are sometimes used to identify changes in the patient's brain structure, and to rule out other disorders. HD has a major emotional, mental, social, and economic impact on the lives of the individual and their families. After diagnosis, a person will normally live for 15 to 20 years , but the duration ranges from 10 to 30 years. A person with JHD will probably live around 10 years.

The Genetics of Huntington's Disease

This form progresses more quickly. While there is currently no cure, some therapies can help people to manage the condition and improve quality of life. In the future, scientists hope that gene therapy will find a solution to this disease. Researchers have been looking for ways to use gene therapy for cure, slow, or prevent HD.

One hopeful strategy is to use molecules known as synthetic small interfering RNAs siRNAs to suppress protein production from the faulty gene. This would stop the toxic Huntingtin protein from collecting and causing symptoms. However, the challenge that remains is how to deliver the siRNAs to the appropriate brain cells, so that they can be effective. When the researchers engineered the faulty gene in mice, they found "significant improvements" after 3 weeks.

Most of the traces of the damaging protein had gone, and the nerve cells showed signs of healing themselves. Genetic testing for HD became possible in Anyone with a family history of HD can ask their doctor about genetic testing, to find out whether or not they carry the defective gene.

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Some people prefer to find out if they have the gene, and if they are likely to develop symptoms, while other would rather not know. A genetic counselor can help with making the decision. If a couple wish to have a child, and one parent has the faulty gene, it is possible to have in-vitro fertilization IVF treatment.

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The embryo is then genetically tested in a laboratory and is only implanted into the woman if it does not have the faulty gene. Genetic testing can also be carried out during pregnancy, if there is a family history of HD. This can be done using chorionic villus sample CVS at 10 to 11 weeks , or through an amniocentesis at 14 to 18 weeks.

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Causes of the disease

Free Essay: Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant disorder, which is found on the # 4 chromosome. George Huntington. Free Essay: Huntington's Disease is a brain disorder affecting movement, cognition, and emotions (Schoenstadt). It is a genetic disorder generally affecting. .

It is a type of migraine triggered by certain foods or trauma that can…. Asthma has a strong genetic component.

watch This means that people with a family history of asthma are more likely to have it. However, genetics are not…. The gene that causes Huntington's disease is highly toxic to cancer cells, as revealed in tests on laboratory cells and mice with ovarian cancer. What is Huntington's? Symptoms Causes Treatment Diagnosis Outlook Genetic testing Huntington's disease is an incurable, hereditary brain disorder. It happens when a faulty gene causes toxic proteins to collect in the brain.

Fast facts about Huntington's disease Huntington's disease HD is an inherited disease that attacks nerve cells gradually over time.

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The disease happens when a faulty gene makes an abnormal version of the huntingtin protein. Early symptoms may include mood swings, clumsiness, and unusual behavior. During the later stages of the disease, choking becomes a major concern. There is currently no cure, but medications may help relieve symptoms. Genetic testing. Latest news Gut microbiota may 'prevent and cure' rotavirus. Work and family demands may impact women's heart health. Scientists may be getting closer to creating a universal flu vaccine.

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